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Category Errors

These fallacies occur because the author mistakenly assumes that the whole is nothing more than the sum of its parts. However, things joined together may have different properties as a whole than any of them do separately. The following fallacies are category errors:

  • Composition (Because the parts have a property, the whole is said to have that property)
  • Division (Because the whole has a property, the parts are said to have that property)
25 May 1995